The American anti-tank bunker provides anti-vehicle support. It has an exceptional range, and can be useful at eliminating any early recon vehicles in the game, but has no infantry or air protection. Therefore, pairing up the bunker with a machine-gun position or a anti-air bunker can provide those means of protection. Even in later eras, the anti-tank gun is better than nothing; however, against multiple tanks, especially those under the fanaticism ruse, it can be overwhelmed.

The anti-tank bunker is armed with a 76 mm gun M1. The 76 mm Gun M1 was an American forces World War II-era tank gun, which replaced the 75 mm gun on late Medium tank M4s, and was used for all 76 mm Gun Motor Carriage M18 tank destroyers. The previous 75 mm M3 L/40 gun on the early M4 Sherman variants was designed more as an infantry support weapon. The performance of this gun against armor was considered insufficient and led to the design of a higher velocity weapon.

History

The 76 mm gun M1 was a new gun with breech similar to that of the 75 mm M3 Gun. It fired the same shell as the 3-inch (76 mm) gun of the 3in Gun Motor Carriage M10 tank destroyer, but from a different case. The 76 mm was developed as a lighter gun than the "3 inch". The gun received a muzzle brake and faster rifle twist during production.

While the 76 mm had less High Explosive (HE) and smoke performance than the 75 mm, the higher-velocity 76 mm gave better anti-tank performance, with firepower clearly superior to the Soviet ZiS-S-5 85 mm gun of the T-34-85 and similar to many of the armored fighting vehicles it encountered, particularly the Panzer IV and StuG vehicles.

The M1 was tested on an M4 Sherman tank, it was then found that the long barrel caused balance problems. The barrel was shortened and a counterweight added to the breech to compensate giving the M1A1. The reduction in length - by about 15 inches - reduced performance but the 76 mm was still superior to the 75 mm gun.

When the counterweight was found to be insufficient, the turret design of the T23 tank was used on the M4 chassis to carry the 76mm gun.

Wholesale introduction of the 76 mm gun was opposed due to its inferior HE round - approx 0.9 lb of explosive to the 1.5 lb in the 75 mm round - and the muzzle blast which could create large dust clouds in dry conditions.

The UK was not interested in the 76 mm gun Sherman as they had their own guns under development - although of intermediate length between the M1 and M1A1 76 mm, their Ordnance QF 17 pounder (76.2 mm) antitank gun used about 5.5 lb (2.5 kg) more propellant. Armed with this gun the M4 was known as the Sherman Firefly.

Assessment

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  • Very effective against armored units.
  • Can withstand light artillery fire.

  • Vulnerable to infantry, aircraft, and buildings.
  • Redundant after 1939

Weapons

Weapon Infantrynoicon.jpg Engineernoicon.jpg Buildingsnoicon.jpg Armor1yesicon.jpg Armor2yesicon.jpg Armor3yesicon.jpg Armor4yesicon.jpg Armor5yesicon.jpg Aircraftnoicon.jpg Rangeicon.jpg
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Large cal. AP shell
400 100 50 25 20 12 500m

Gallery

See also

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