| 76 mm divisional gun M1942|
76-мм образца 1942 года
Fire and reload, fire and reload!
|Class||Advanced Anti-tank Gun|
|Upgrade of||AT 45mm|
76-mm divisional cannon model 1942, GRAU index 52P354, more commonly known as ZiS-3 (Russian: ЗиС-3, in-game: AT 76mm). In reality a multipurpose gun meant to compromise the bulk of Soviet artillery, in-game it's limited to its famed anti-tank role. The equally revered 152-mm cannon does the long-range pounding. The AT 76mm does the same amount of damage as a Flak 88mm.
In May 1941 V. Grabin took the initiative to design and build a new attempt to replace the aging World War One-era 76,2mm guns of the same class. The weapon hit the frontlines in late 1941 without any high-level approval, went through the 5-day trial, and only then became officially commissioned.
The reason for such a small caliber in a full-fledged artillery is that it had a heavy-tank-killer role up its sleeve, and it could use millions of available shells, making the gun somewhat unique when compared to the strict breakdown of Western guns.
Key words for the cannon: rapid production. From the ground up Grabin built it for mass manufacturing and it became the first gun to be conveyor-built. Production number of 48016 units proves it. It also proved effective as a weapon, easy to handle and effective in its designated role.
It was detached either to divisional artillery formations or to "tank destroyer" units in roughly equal numbers.
It was not by far the best AT gun Soviets had to offer. The ZiS-2 was a 57-mm super-high-velocity gun that could take out King Tigers, but it was cripplingly overspecialized and prohibitively sophisticated for war-time production, especially the long barrel. ZiS-3, however, borrowed the light mount of ZiS-2.
- Wikipedia: 76 mm divisional gun M1942 (ZiS-3)
- AT 45mm - Precursor
- SU-100 - Tank destroyer with same gun